‘SO SWEET’ Shout Outs Requested!

As St. Valentines Day approaches, TXESP remembers all of the kindness, support, and accolades from our clients and donors.  WHO DO YOU APPRECIATE?  SHARE YOUR STORY OR THEIR NAME WITH US!!

THANK YOU to all the organizations who work over-time to promote STEM and it’s cross disciplines!  THANK YOU to our donors who elevate our inspiration to move forward! THANK YOU to our partners who deliver excellence to **all** students they can reach!  And, THANK YOU to Boston College’s Educational Seismology Project who leads by a phenomenal example of service!

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COMPARING TECHNOLOGY: Recordings from an EQ1 and Raspberry Shake Seismographs (JUST RECORDED)

COMPARING TECHNOLOGY:  Recorded in the past hour, shown are two Indonesian earthquakes recorded on an EQ1 and Raspberry Shake seismographs. Both earthquakes had a magnitude M5.9 and occurred with 2 minutes of each other today, 02/02/2019, at 10:59 and 11:01hrs UTC and had depths of 10kms. The images compare two different seismographs – the #EQ1 and the #RaspberryShake.  On both seismograms we easily observe the first arrival (body) waves denoted by the yellow arrows.

A very fascinating wave phase, the PKP wave, was detected at our location in Spring, TX more than 148 polar degrees away.  This wave is unique because it is a wave which has propagated from the epicenter, through the mantle and outer core, and continued travelling back through the mantle towards Texas.  Can you see it? Can you see it on both seismograms?

Overall, a relatively good correlation between both the EQ1 and RS seismographs.  NOTE: the RS seismograph also detected the secondary (body) waves, the “S” waves.  This is not shown, due to scaling issues, on this slide.

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TEACHING MOMENT: From MEXICO to TEXAS to PENNSYLVANIA

GREAT TEACHING MOMENT: WAVE ATTENUATION – Shown is a comparison of the large magnitude M6.6 Mexican earthquake which occurred today, 02/01/2019, at 16:14hrs UTC and had a depth of 68kms. Notice the larger wave amplitudes at Station RAD87 (TX) VS. Station RA763 (PA).  Why does the Texas seismogram appear larger than the one recorded in Pennsylvania ?

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DYFI in Mexico This Hour?

Within the past hour, Mexican residents experienced a large magnitude M6.6 earthquake.  It occurred at 16:14 hrs UTC (or, 10:14 am CST) at a depth of 42 miles.  In the map shown below, the colored lines represent how much shaking could be felt during the earthquake.  The “hotter” colors experienced a great deal of shaking as expected – they are locations near the epicenter; “cooler” colors indicate that lighter shaking was felt but at much greater distances away from the earthquake.

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FOLLOW UP: Is it [a quake]? Or isn’t it?

In a previous post, TXESP discussed how Station E1TX recorded many ground motion events during a 24 hour time period.  Initial observations of the EQ1 Seismograph showed a couple of events with moderate amplitudes.  Analysis of the frequency spectra and additional graphs we may we have an educated interpretation to explain the recorded ground motion.

What We Know:  Nearby (within 1 miles), the Texas Department of Transportation has been making repairs to an overpass bridge on Interstate 45.

What We Observe on the Raspberry Shake Seismograph We can analyze three different views of an event using the #raspishake seismogram within the SWARM software.  For each event, we reviewed (a) the extracted seismogram, (b) a graph of the seismogram’s frequency spectra (frequency VS. power), and (c) a graph of the seismogram’s spectrogram (time VS. frequency).  In the slideshow, these two “unknown” events are compared with an analysis of an actual magnitude M3.4 earthquake in the US Virgin Islands on January 28, 2018 at 08:17hrs UTC.  Note the different characteristics (shapes) of the “unknown” events with the “known” earthquake.

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Lots of Quakes or Not a Shake?

Station E1TX has recorded many ground motion events during the last 24 hours, but are they [earth]quakes or simply ground shakes?  Looking at the display from the EQ1 seismograph, its easy to interpret a couple of events as moderate earthquakes – but they’re not.  Nearby (within 1 miles), the Texas Department of Transportation has been making repairs to an overpass bridge on Interstate 45.  It is highly likely that the majority of these recorded ground movements are related to the construction and retention of the adjacent Spring Creek.   Take a closer look at the events during the 0700, 1800 and 2100 hours -their shape appear very similar to real earthquakes, but closer inspection of the seismograms demonstrate that the wave character is not congruent with earthquakes.  Interestingly, the ground motions look very similar to each other – increasing seismic amplitudes with time – up until a point in time – followed by a dramatic drop in amplitude is common.  If these were body or surface waves, the seismic character would begin with strong amplitudes and diminish with time.  That is not the case today.  What construction activities do you think could have caused these ground motions?

 

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Columbia is Shaking Too

This morning, a magnitude M5.6 earthquake began shaking parts of Columbia.  The event happened on 01/26/2019 at 12:32hrs UTC (06:32 am CST).  It was 10km deep in the Earth and shaking was felt across 50% of the Country, including Bogata.  No damages have been reported by the Associated Press or local news outlets.

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7 Days, 54+ Earthquakes (M> 4.5) Around the “Rim of Fire”

)Do you track current events?  Did You Know that is the past 7 days, our Earth has experienced more than 54 moderate-to-strong earthquakes with magnitudes M>4.5 just around the Pacific Rim “Ring of Fire” ??! Three of these events (shown highlighted in teal-colored circles) had strong magnitudes: a M6.6 in Vanuatu (01/15/2019), a M6.7 in Chile (01/20/2019), and a M6.4 occurred today, (01/22/2019), in Indonesia.

Add less than two minutes into your routine….and watch the Earth MOVE, LIVE!  view USGS’ Global Maps HERE

** please note this post was published prior to the 01/22/2019 19:01hrs UTC Prince Edward Island earthquake with a magnitude of M6.72201019_usgs7days_map

 

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Monitoring the Texas Cold Weather Fronts

We use seismometers to monitor many other forms of ground movement, including the *changing* weather.  Overnight, and this morning, a strong cold air front is moving across Houston, TX.  This cold front is rapidly dropping temperatures, air pressure and wind speeds.  Currently, winds are > 20 mph with strong gusts moving faster than 30 mph over SW Texas!

Can you identify when the cold front artived by interpreting this seismogram?

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Hello KANSAS!

A small-moderate magnitude M4.0 earthquake happened on Wednesday, January 16, 2019 at 03:34hrs UTC (09:34 pm CST) near Caldwell, Kansas. See images, below.

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NO Tsunami Warning for the US’ West Coast – Earthquake hits offshore Baja California

A very strong magnitude M6.0 earthquake happened during the Houston-time lunch period.  This earthquake is capable of producing a tsunami, but no warning was issued by The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. >>> https://ptwc.weather.gov/

In fact, no tsunami warnings or earthquake events have been updated since Tuesday, Jan 15, 2018.  We are unsure if the US’s partial government shutdown is affecting staffing at NOAA, but there is an alert banner on their website citing some critical staff is working.  Its possible that an issued warning was not needed, and therefore the web page isn’t been maintained for non-threatening events.  BUT, it does highlight the scenario that many government and government-sponsored Scientists are struggling to keep public data available in real time.

The M6.0 earthquake was recorded #RasberryShake (#raspishake) Station RAD87 in Spring TX, operated by Texas Educational Seismic Project.  See images, below.

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Shaking Central America

The seismically very active Pacific Rim is shaking Central America.  In the past hour, at 03:41hrs UTC on 15Jan2019, a moderate size earthquake with magnitude M5.3 occurred offshore Nicaragua.  Reports from the country, and neighboring Costa Rica, indicate shaking was felt along the Pacific coastline.  Several wave forms are easily seen in the seismogram shown below: compressional waves (P, PP, and PPP), and shear waves (S and SS).

Shown are images of the event recorded at Station E1TX operated by Texas Educational Seismic Project and located in Spring, TX.